Forest Footprint Dashboard
: Global Average
Soy iSoy is both a food and a fuel source for humans. As a food source, it is consumed directly in products such as tofu and indirectly through meat and dairy consumption (soy is an important source of feed for livestock). Of the total global supply, approximately 13 percent is used for direct human consumption, 17 percent is used as a biofuel feedstock, and 70 percent is used as animal feed (Potts el al. 2014). Soybean oil is a common feedstock for biofuels, representing 27 percent of global biodiesel feedstock use (Steinweg et al. 2019).
Palm Oil iOn a global scale, palm oil is used more than any other vegetable-based oil in food products, accounting for one third of global vegetable oil production (Potts et al. 2014). Palm oil is consumed directly, in processed food, as an ingredient in household products like soaps and cosmetics, and in biofuels. Palm oil is another common feedstock for biofuels and is important to address as palm oil for biofuel represents 15.1 percent of global market volume share in 2019 (Grandview Research 2020) and 53 percent of the EU’s palm oil imports (OILWORLD 2019).
Beef iMeat and leather are two primary cattle products that are included in this analysis. Consumption of leather is not accounted for within the detailed footprint following Pendrill et al. (2020), as trade in genuine leather products is difficult to trace, being often grouped with composite leather in data (such as COMTRADE).
Wood Fibre iIn 2018, industrial roundwood, sawnwood, and wood-based panels made up around half of global timber production by weight, with fuel wood comprising around one third and paper & paperboard contributing the last sixth (FAO 2018). The Forest Footprint considers wood for construction, fuelwood, and paper and paperboard. Plantation forestry has been a significant driver of deforestation in tropical forests, where primary forest is cleared to establish fast-growing tree farms (van Straaten et al. 2015, Davis et al. 2015, Heilmayr 2014). Based on Pendrill et al.’s (2019) LUC model, only areas converted from unmanaged to plantation forests are attributed embodied deforestation. While deforestation from illegal logging is also a concern, this has not been addressed in the Forest Footprint.
Wood for construction, fuelwood, paper
Hotspot Crops iThis category includes commodities such as cocoa, coffee, rubber which have significant but isolated impacts on tropical deforestation. Globally, 92 percent of cocoa produced is exported, with European and North American markets consuming the majority (FAOSTAT). Coffee consumption is not dissimilar, with importing countries representing 70 percent of yearly global consumption (ICO 2020). Most (around 65 percent) tobacco produced in tropical and subtropical countries is – however – consumed domestically. China is the world’s largest consumer of natural rubber, where around 70 percent of natural rubber is used in tires and tubes (Rubber Board 2018).
Cacao, Rubber, & Coffee
Other Crops iThis category represents a vast number of crops which are not commonly associated with tropical deforestation such as tree nuts, oilseeds, rice, cereals, tubers, pulses, fruits, and vegetables. As the category represents more than 100 individual commodities, these have been grouped together for simplicity in this dashboard.
Grains, fruits, vegetables, & pulses
Other Forest Loss iThis category represents the tropical and subtropical forest loss not attributable to the above categories and is not necessarily considered permanent land use change, or deforestation. This category includes the influence of a number of other drivers of deforestation such as urban expansion and wildfires, as well as mining, infrastructure, oil and gas operations, and illegal or underreported land-use change unaccounted for in the previous categories.
Mining, Infrastructure, Oil & Gas, etc
Resident Profile: 21 m² per cap
Carbon Emissions: 28,710,597 tCO₂e
Annual Deforestation Footprint
City Territorial Emissions
Carbon Opportunity Cost
Biological Integrity Index